BRIDGES – Fall 2002 Annual Report
by Ron A. Harris, professor of geology, BYU, and Prasetyadi, professor of geology, University Pembangunan Nasional, UPN “Veteran,” Indonesia
The densely populated archipelago of Indonesia—with a population of over 200 million—has more explosive volcanoes, major earthquakes, and destructive tsunamis than any other nation. These natural hazards resulted in 200,000 fatalities in the nineteenth century alone, and the societal and economic harm caused by such events is astronomical. Fortunately, such devastation can be reduced by focusing mitigation efforts on the most vulnerable parts of the country. These areas of greatest risk are identified using scientific methods that forecast where energy building up under the earth’s surface is most likely to be released. As the economy and population of Indonesia rapidly expands, a frightening disregard for geological hazards needs to be remedied to prevent even greater casualties from happening.
See original article: 2002 BridgesFall02